Minister of Resources and Development Frederick H. Muller of Marshall Islands

Muller was born in New York City and excelled in the public schools.
Muller remained at Columbia (the pre-eminent American zoology program at the time, thanks to E.
Muller found a strong temperature dependence in mutation rate, leading him to believe that spontaneous mutation was the dominant mode (and to initially discount the role of external factors such as ionizing radiation or chemical agents.
Muller was critical of the new directions of the eugenics movement (such as anti-immigration), but was hopeful about the prospects for positive eugenics.
Especially after the stock market crash, Muller was increasingly pessimistic about the prospects of capitalism.
The Nazi movement was precipitating the rapid emigration of scientific talent from Germany, and Muller was particularly opposed to the politics of National Socialism.
Muller and much of the Russian genetics community did what they could to oppose Trofim Lysenko and his Larmarckian evolutionary theory, but Muller was soon forced to leave the Soviet Union after Stalin read a translation of his eugenics book and was "displeased by it, and.
In 1946, Muller was awarded the 1946 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, "for the discovery that mutations can be induced by x-rays.
The Nobel Prize, in the wake of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, focused public attention on a subject Muller had been publicizing for two decades: the dangers of radiation.
since Operation Crossroads, more and more evidence had been leaking out about radiation sickness and death caused by nuclear testing, and Muller was one of the foremost experts.
In 1955 Muller was one of eleven prominent intellectuals to sign the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, the upshot of which was the first Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs in 1957.
Muller is survived by his daughter, Helen J.
Dorothea Kantorowicz Muller was Helen Muller's mother, and Jessie Jacobs Muller was David Muller's mother.
Muller is the inventor of the Muller C-element, a device used to implement asynchronous circuitry in electronic computers.
Born in Russia, Muller was a cadet in the Imperial Russian Navy in Vladivostok at the time of the 1917 Bolshevik revolution.
Unknown to virtually everyone, however, Muller was working on a comprehensive synthesis of the Soviet and North American permafrost literature during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Why Muller did not publish the 1963 manuscript is a mystery, according to Nelson, who says that Muller was ahead of his time and that much of the material is relevant today.
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