President Armando Guebuza of Mozambique

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Original source: Agência Brasil [1]
Author: Ricardo Stuckert/PR
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Guebuza is a former member of FRELIMO's (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique - Mozambique Liberation Front) Politburo and served briefly as part of a 10-member collective head of state after the unexpected death of Samora Machel in 1986.
Guebuza was the candidate of FRELIMO for the December 2004 presidential elections, in which he won with 63.
During his brief official visit to France last week, President Armando Guebuza was guest of honour at a lunch hosted by Medef International on 21 July, where representatives were present from a score of French firms most of which are active in Mozambique (ION 1190.
2008 Posted to the web 4 February 2008 A government for all of Africa cannot be imposed by decree, Mozambican President Armando Guebuza has warned.
President Armando Guebuza is the head of state for Mozambique.
Mozambican president Armando Guebuza has said he would dedicate more of his efforts in fighting poverty in 2009.
Career Guebuza is a former member of FRELIMO's (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique - Mozambique Liberation Front) PolitburoPolitburo SummaryPolitburo is short for Political Bureau.
Guebuza was born in northern Mozambique.
By the time independence was achieved in 1975, Guebuza had become an important general and leader in FRELIMO.
President Guebuza was the candidate of FRELIMO for the December 2004 presidential electionsMozambique presidential election, 2004 Mozambique held a presidential election on 12 December 2004.
Mozambique: Armando Guebuza takes Office - Pravda.
Maputo - Mozambique's President Armando Guebuza has hinted he would consider admitting refugees from neighbouring Zimbabwe if the situation in the beleaguered southern African country further deteriorated following disputed elections.
Speaking to the independent Canal de Moçambique newspaper Guebuza said Mozambicans had found a safe haven in Zimbabwe in the 1980s when civil war raged at home and that Mozambique could not turn its back on Zimbabweans if they were in need.
this agreement (and) both sides should set up a power sharing government without further delay," Armando Guebuza said in a speech to diplomats in Maputo.
Search for Armando Guebuza took 0.
Guebuza is expec ted to come up against opposition leader Afonso Dhlakama of the Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo) party.
Armando Guebuza has been in the top leadership of Frelimo ever since the partys second congress, held in 1968 during the independence war.
From an early age Guebuza was involved in the fight for Mozambique s independence from Portugal , being elec ted in 1963 at the age of 20 president of the Mozambican Centre of African Students (NESAM in its Portuguese acronym), crea ted by the historical leader of Mozambique s fight for independence, Eduardo Mondlane.
During the years prior to independence from Portugal in 1975, Guebuza took military training in Tanzania and was involved in active guerrilla fighting against the Portuguese administration in Mozambique , becoming a guerrilla commander and rising to the rank of general.
After the signing of the Lusaka Agreements in 1974, which gran ted Mozambique independence from Portugal and established the mechanism of transfer of power to the new Mozambican administration, Guebuza was appoin ted Minister of Internal Administration in the transition government that lead the country to its independence in 1975.
As Minister of the Interior Guebuza was responsible for some of the most controversial decisions made by the Frelimo government during that period.
After Samora Machels death in 1986, Guebuza was appoin ted to head the government commission of inquiry looking into the causes of the plane crash that took the lives of Machel and 34 others.
During the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s, Guebuza was one of the first Mozambican leaders to realise the need to steer the country towards a multiparty market system and to establish links with the Washington-based international financial institutions, mainly the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
Under Chissanos first government, Guebuza was Minister of Transport; but his key role was head of the government team that negotia ted with the Renamo rebels for two years in Rome , finally producing the peace agreement of 4 October 1992.
Guebuza was elec ted head of the Frelimo parliamentary group in late 1994, and was re-elec ted after the 1999 elections.
Guebuza is extremely popular within Frelimo.
Guebuza has been a leading exponent of black-Mozambican economic empowerment, greatly benefiting from the process of privatisation of state-owned enterprises undertaken during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
During Frelimos Eighth National Congress in June 2002, Guebuza was elec ted , somewhat unexpec ted ly, as the partys Secretary-General and presidential candidate in the next parliamentary elections due to take place in 2004, after a long and tense nomination process.
Guebuza is seen by most analysts as a traditionalist who partly opposes the modernising efforts made under Chissanos governments.
Although Guebuza is running for president, he stressed that Frelimo was no longer in favour of a presidential form of government.
Asked about the alleged hostility of Western governments towards him, Guebuza said that since he was chosen last year as the Frelimo presidential candidate, he had visi ted several Western countries, including Britain , Italy and Portugal : I had contacts with various Western leaders and I did not notice any hostility, she said.
Photo: IRIN President Armando GuebuzaMAPUTO, 13 May 2005 (IRIN) - In his first 100 days as Mozambique's new president, Armando Guebuza has continued where he left off on the campaign trail - committing himself to action against corruption and bureaucratic inefficiency.
MAPUTO, 13 May 2005 (IRIN) - In his first 100 days as Mozambique's new president, Armando Guebuza has continued where he left off on the campaign trail - committing himself to action against corruption and bureaucratic inefficiency.
In his inaugural speech on 2 February, Guebuza said crime and corruption were "insidious enemies" that "present themselves as alternative means of reaching wealth.
All the candidates promise to fight corruption, but the electoral debate is poor and demagogic and the two main candidates go into the race from quite fragile positions regarding their own possibilities of taking a hard anti-corruption line: Armando Guebuza has created openings for the maintenance of the reigning clientelism, and if he wins will have great difficulties in promoting transparency due to his enormous range of business interests and connections, his access to treasury credits with neither transparency nor guarantees, his activities in the fisheries sector (an area that requires courageous measures to halt the current ruin of this resource), and the inexistence of rules on conflicts of interest to regulate the actions of a Businessman-President; Mozambique also runs the risk of having a President (Afonso Dhlakama) who is cited as being a bad manager, and who uses and abuses the 4 billion Meticais that Renamo receives from the public exchequer with no transparent management criteria.
When Mozambique made its brisk turn from socialism to capitalism, Armando Guebuza was among the first to be convinced that the way forward was through primary capital accumulation; it was urgent, the argument went, to create a national bourgeoisie.
Guebuza is an example, not necessarily an unsuccessful one, of someone with a vast range of business interests.
Guebuza has interests in the property sector, hotels and tourism, beauty institutes (though Venturin Ltd, where he is co-partner with Miguel Nhaca Guebuza, Augusto Lucas and Henrique Joaquim Macucua; Augusto Lucas is linked to Alexandre Berradas in Moambique Comercio Internacional and in Health and Beauty Center Moambique.
Guebuza has interests in the media (through Nova Tribuna), though it is doubtful that this has got off the ground.
Until 1987, when Guebuza was still Minister of Transport and Communications, that ministry and Scandinvia Motor Consulting had shares in Scanmo de Moambique, which had the object of importing, distributing and providing post-sales assistance to SCANIA products.
Guebuza also has interests in stock companies such as Cornelder, which manages Beira and Quelimane ports (this concession was granted this year, when Guebuza was already a candidate), in TRAC (Trans-African Concessions), which has the licence to operate the highway from Maputo to Witbank in South Africa.
Armando Emlio Guebuza is not a shareholder in Vodacom Moambique SARL, but one of his partners in many businesses, Miguel Nhaca Guebuza, is.
The same Tata de Moambique in which Armando Guebuza is a shareholder is a partner of Navique and Emose, both public companies, and of an organisation called Equimar Ltd.
This gap raises some questions, in the light of two pieces of empirical evidence: firstly that Armando Guebuza has access to Treasury credits, through Mavimbe in a less than transparent way, at concessional interest rates and with no guarantees given; and secondly that Guebuza has a vast range of interests in the every sector of economic activity in Mozambique, and in fisheries in particular, and that this is one of his main and visible sources of accumulation.
The data shows that in 2002 Armando Guebuza had access to a credit of USD 2,500,000 for the purchase of a fishing boat.
But the question is that Guebuza has this access.
US Army soldiers prepare to raid a house in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, December 2.
Armando Guebuza waves to supporters upon his arrival at Machava stadium in Maputo, November 28.
MAPUTO, Mozambique, Dec 3--Businessman Armando Guebuza is leading in Mozambican elections to succeed President Joaquim Chissano, who is retiring after 18 years in office, state-run Radio Mozambique reported on Friday.
From a compilation of data from our reporters in the provinces, Guebuza is leading broadly," the radio said.
Armando Guebuza is on course to gain a similar number of votes as President Joaquim Chissano won in 1999, but Afonson Dhlakama's vote has collapsed, according to early results.
In Ilha de Moçambique, where Renamo won local elections last year, with all 39 mesas reported, Guebuza had 6037 votes compared to 5471 for Dhlakama.
Noticias reports that in Angoche, which Renamo won last year, Guebuza is also ahead.
2004 - Guebuza leads controversial Mozambique poll» 09.
FRELIMO candidate Guebuza was said to have achieved 63.
Mozambican President Armando Guebuza has directly blamed South Africa's apartheid regime for a plane crash in 1986 which killed his country's.
Armando Guebuza was inaugurated as the President of Mozambique on February 2, 2005.
UNDP Report 2007/8 states that the country contributes 0.
Maputo, 29 March (AIM) - Mozambican President Armando Guebuza on Saturday received the Associate Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Ad Melkert, who briefed him on the annual meeting of resident UNDP coordinators in Africa, currently under way in Maputo.
An official statement did not give reasons for the dismissals, but said Guebuza had appointed Paulino Macaringue as new head of the defence forces and Olimpio Cambona as his deputy.